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The Poligny,
a dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire
       The titles appear in the charter of the Abbey of Rosière and obey the rules of customary transmission of the County of Burgundy and article III of the 1616 cupboard of the Archdukes of Habsburg.
These rules indicate that in the absence of a male child, the titles and the name are transmitted by the eldest daughter exclusively.
Thus, like the Houses of Orange , Bagration , and Habsbourg-Lorraine , the House of Poligny was able to avoid its extinction.
This was the case twice; thanks to Agnès, eldest daughter of Jean-Baptiste de Poligny then thanks to Zoé eldest daughter of Louis Gustave Quentin de Poligny (son of Agnès de Poligny). After being called Quentin de Poligny then Reumont de Poligny, the House of Poligny is called since the decision of the Council of State of July 17, 1960: Reumont said "de Poligny".
The title of Count has been held by François II since around 1650. This title was confirmed to Jean-Claude de Poligny "for himself and his descendants" by the Parliament of Franche-Comté in 1775.
The title of marquis appears to have come later, probably around 1770, when the crown was displayed on the buckets.

In his "Généalogie historique de la maison de Saint-Mauris, du comté de Bourgogne, depuis le courant du XIe siècle", the author, Charles-Emmanuel-Polycarpe, (pair de France), indicated in 1830 that Charles Claude de Poligny bore the title of Marquis (page 194). However, this title would only apply to the ancestral lands of Evans and Augéa, but no document has yet formally specified this.
 
False namesakes
Why ?
Count Charles-Claude de Poligny died in 1776.
His legitimized only son, Count Jean-Baptiste de Poligny renounces the patrimonial inheritance (Castel of Evans and lands) and  receives in return the life annuities of his half-sisters.  Jean-Baptiste is a deeply selfless man, first choosing to devote himself to God and then to a military career. His function as an officer in the colonies and then as commissioner of war removed him and his descendants from ancestral lands. More than one then wanted to take advantage of the vacuum created by his departure to claim the name of Poligny and / or the title of Count of Poligny.
Here are a few examples:
Who ?
Quirot de Poligny

A certain Nicolas Quirot (1753-1809), who became an owner in Poligny before the revolution, is aware of the final departure of Count Jean-Baptiste de Poligny.
He then had the idea of being called Quirot de Poligny to differentiate himself from his father Nicolas (also) Quirot, known as "de Senoncey".
Advisor to the Parliament of Burgundy, he was imprisoned during the Revolution under the name of "Depoligny".
This "de Poligny" attached to the surname therefore corresponds to the name of this land that Nicolas Quirot owns by acquisition… and not by alliance with Poligny's dynasty.
Quirot de Poligny
Hugon de Poligny
Marie - Joseph Hugon d'Augicourt (1796-1866) is the son of Marie-Jeanne Xavière de Poligny, a half-sister of Jean-Baptiste de Poligny.  Marie - Joseph Hugon d 'Augicourt tries to recover the name and the title of Count of Poligny without the knowledge of Count Louis-Gustave Quentin de Poligny grandson of Count Jean Baptiste de Poligny.
He wants to assert supposed rights by hiding the existence of his uncle Jean-Baptiste in the family tree which he gives to the civil court of Besançon.
The judgment of January 10, 1865 finally declares that  Marie - Joseph Hugon d 'Augicourt "improperly took the name of Poligny and the title of Comte de Poligny and orders its deletion in all deeds and any other authentic deed".
Hugon de Poligny
Another enigmatic usurpation
de Poligny (de Vatteville)

It is when reading the book first published in 1749 under the title of "The victims of love or Memories of M. de Poligny" from a manuscript found in a castle that we discover the most mysterious of usurpations.
It predates all the others.
This Monsieur de Poligny, whose first name is unknown, is a child born out of wedlock to the Marquis de Vatteville and Mademoiselle de Tenelon.
Mademoiselle de Tenelon, delivered by a Parisian doctor, M. de Valancé, to whom she entrusted her child, asked her to name him "de Poligny" for a reason which remains unknown to this day.
This false M. de Poligny is so unhappy that he begins his manuscript with these few words: "... my birth was one of those who dare to admit without blushing ... I was carefully hid the parents who gave birth to me "(p.3).
de Vatteville
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